First Aid Policy
Iqra High School Oldham will ensure compliance with first aid legislations related to first aid provision for all pupils, staff, volunteers and visitors. The school will ensure to implement such policies as guided by the department of education to meet its responsibilities.
- To identify the First-aid needs of school as required by the government health and safety legislation.
- To ensure first-aid provision will be available at all times while people are on school premises, and also off the premises whilst on school visits.
- To ensure that first aid is administered in a timely and competent manner.
- Review the school policy as and when necessary but at least once in a year.
- To nominate the most appropriate person(s) to provide the first-aid when necessary (Refer to appendix A).
- To make all staff aware which of their colleague(s) is/are qualified to give first aid and should refer any accidents or other medical emergencies to him/them promptly.
- To provide adequate first-aid training to at least one person and continuously assess the training needs.
- To have a contingency plan/s so that first aid cover is still provided if one qualified first aider is absent or accompanying a trip.
- To allow an easy access to first aid equipment, and ensure the equipment remains in the first-aid room selected for such purposes.
- To record all aaccidents and other medical emergencies appropriately.
- To inform parents when necessary and a record is kept of occasions when they have been contacted.
- To ensure members of staff are made aware of any particular hazards in the subjects that they teach or the activities that they supervise and will have appropriate training and access to first aid equipment.
Selection of First-aider(s)
The school will select staff that will willingly agree to become first-aiders and do so on a voluntary basis. When selecting first aiders, the headteacher will always consider the individuals:
- Who are reliable and posses very good communication skills;
- Aptitude and ability to absorb new knowledge and learn new skills;
- Ability to cope with stressful and physically demanding emergency procedures;
- A first aider must be able to leave to go immediately to an emergency.
- Everyone in school will be made aware who is/are the first aiders in the school.
Main Duties of First-aiders
At school, the main duties of a first aider will be:
- To give immediate help to casualties with common injuries or illnesses and those arising from specific hazards at school;
- To ensure that an ambulance or other professional medical help is called when necessary.
- To inform his/ her colleagues who will be responsible for the first aid duties while he/she is absent from the premises due to accompanying a school trip.
- To examine the contents of first-aid containers frequently and restock as soon as possible after use.
- To keep records of all accidents and injuries.
First-aiders training and qualifications
Iqra High School first aiders will hold a valid certificate of competence, issued by an organisation whose training and qualifications are approved by the HSE.
The school will arrange appropriate training for their first-aid personnel. The school will ensure to train at least one member of staff to take enhanced first aid training while others will take the basic training to help, support and provide cover to the main first aider.
The school will ensure that the all the selected first-aiders keep their qualification current and attend the refresher courses as guided by the legislation. Currently course certificates are only valid for three years. The school will arrange refresher training and retesting of competence at least three months prior to expiry date of their certificates. The school will keep a record of first aiders and certification dates.
The members of staff will be made aware of any particular hazards in the subjects that they teach or the activities they supervise will be provided with an appropriate training as necessary and an access to the required equipment to deal with such hazards.
The school has setup a special room which has the basic facilities specified in the first-aid legislation. This room will be used for the care of pupils during the school hours. The room consists of a washbasin with cold and hot water available at all times. The first-aid room is deliberately selected close to the WC for the convenience of its users. The room has a medical bed where necessary the sick child will be immediately taken to the medical room for an examination, treatment and necessary care for the pupil.
First-aid Materials and Equipment
The following items will always be available in the first-aid room.
- 20 individually wrapped sterile adhesive dressings (assorted sizes);
- Two sterile eye pads;
- Four individually wrapped triangular bandages (preferably sterile);
- Six safety pins;
- Six medium sized (approximately 12cm x 12cm) individually wrapped sterile un-medicated wound dressings;
- Two large (approximately 18cm x 18cm) sterile individually wrapped un-medicated wound dressings;
- One pair of disposable gloves.
- The first-aid kits will be made available at the school reception and the science lab.
Travelling First-aid kits
Before undertaking any off-site activities, the headteacher will always assess what level of first-aid provision is needed. As a minimum the first-aid container will always be maintained in a good condition. It must be suitable for the purpose of keeping the items referred to above in good condition. It will be readily available for use, and prominently marked as a first-aid container.
Pupils Medical Conditions
A list of all pupils who suffer from any medical conditions will be kept in the Firs-aid room and at school reception. All staff will be made aware of all pupils with more serious medical conditions such as epilepsy, asthma, or any other severe allergies. An appropriate action plan will be devised according to the condition of each pupil.
Hygiene and Infection Control
All staff will take the necessary precautions to avoid infection and must follow basic hygiene procedures. Staff will have an access to single-use disposable gloves and hand washing facilities, and will take care when dealing with blood or other body fluids and disposing of dressings or equipment.
- An adult at the scene of an accident needs to make a quick assessment of the severity of the accident.
- Small cuts and grazes occurring during a lesson can be cleaned and a plaster applied if the injury occurs in an area where there are first aid boxes e.g. Science lab. This enables the lesson to continue with minimum disturbance to the teacher or class. However the pupil must attend the Medical Room at the end of the lesson to have his cut or graze checked by the first-aider. A pupil who sustains an injury of this type at School outside lessons should be directed to report direct to the First Aid Room or the school office.
- Serious Injuries are any injuries that may require a qualified First Aider or medical attention, send a messenger to the Reception requesting an ambulance if the need is obvious; dispatch another to meet the ambulance and direct it to the incident. For lesser emergencies, send a message to the Reception and ask for the first-aider to be summoned immediately.
- Stay with the casualty while waiting for assistance.
- Accident Report Forms must be completed for all injuries. IllnessAny pupil feeling unwell should be sent to the First-aid room accompanied by another person who will be told to return as soon as the ill pupil is received by the first-aider. If the first-aider is not in their room, the escort should immediately contact the Reception.
Any pupil having difficulty with breathing, dizziness, or feeling faint must remain with a teacher or other member of staff. A messenger should be sent to fetch the first-aider. The Reception should be contacted immediately if he/she is not in the first-aid Room.
Only what is considered to be a minor injury which can be easily handled in the school will be treated by the first aider. In case of an injury or other medical condition is an emergency and cannot be treated on site and the school staff will automatically trigger an emergency ambulance call.
At such incidents the parent/guardian be informed and does arrive at school in time will accompany the child to the hospital. Otherwise school staff will accompany the child to the hospital, and will remain with the child until parent/guardian can take over the responsibility.
The School will keep a record of any first aid treatment given by first aiders and appointed persons. This will include:
- The date, time and place of incident;
- The name (and class) of the injured or ill person;
- Details of the injury/illness and what first aid was given;
- What happened to the person immediately afterwards (for example went home, resumed normal duties, went back to class, went to hospital);
- Name and signature of the first aider or person dealing with the incident.
(Refer to the accident records)
In an emergency, the school office/staff will contact the child’s parent/guardian/named contact as soon as possible.
In such cases the school will to report all serious or significant incidents to the parents by sending a letter home with the child, or making a phone call to them.
List of qualified Staff
|Manzoor Ahmed Shakir||Level 3|
|All the teaching staff||Level 2|
|Pupils (years 10,9,)||Level1 or below|
Blood and Body Fluid Spills
Health & Safety Information Sheet
The detail in this information sheet relates to the cleaning of small blood and body fluid (urine, vomit, faeces) spills defined as “a volume that is easily managed with a minimal amount of decontamination equipment and materials”. Occupational exposure is most likely to occur in the context of health-care; however, exposure may also occur in any workplace including client delivery setting where one individual is exposed to the blood or other bodily fluids of any other individual, e.g. following an accident.
What are the risks?
Blood and body fluid spills pose a risk of transmission of infection and disease, e.g. blood borne viruses, diarrhoea and vomiting illnesses, such as norovirus. The main risk is infection following hand to mouth/nose/eye contact, and there is also a risk of infection via broken skin (cuts or scratches). It is therefore important to understand the risk of exposure and plan appropriately so that in the event of a spill it can be dealt with immediately and effectively. This includes ensuring that appropriate equipment for the cleaning of spills is available, and staff are appropriately trained on the correct action to take. Locally managers should ensure that arrangements and protocols are in place to deal with spillages immediately and appropriate consideration is made where required as part of risk assessment.
NB Large or major spills may require specialist cleaning. A large spill refers to a volume that would require more than one person, large amounts of decontamination equipment and material, and/or contamination of objects that would prove difficult to decontaminate, i.e., rugs, mattresses, furniture, electronic gear. A major spill is described as large amounts of blood and/or tissue (e.g. result of a death). In the event of a large of major spill, cleaning should not be attempted without first seeking clear advice including assessment of risk.
It is good practice to have “spillage kits‟ available on site. Spill kits should include PPE (e.g. gloves and aprons), bleach (or other chlorine releasing agent), instructions, paper towels or disposable cloths, scoop and waste bags and can be made up by staff or bought commercially. A named person should be responsible for checking and replenishing items for kits regularly, (e.g. first aider). Your staff should ensure that during residential visits the accommodation has suitable equipment and or arrangements in place as part of their pre and arrival checks to deal with spills.
Only individuals trained in safe and effective management of spillages should deal with spills. Spillages will require different management depending on the body fluid(s) involved and Managers should ensure that staff required to clean spillages have had appropriate instruction. Information provided should include details of safe working procedures; personal hygiene; how to decontaminate effectively; and what to do if something goes wrong.
General principles for dealing with spills
Cordon off the area where the spillage has occurred.
Ensure cuts and abrasions on any areas of the skin are covered with a waterproof dressing.
Use personal protective equipment and clothing to protect body and clothes: disposable gloves and apron must be worn. Face masks and eye protection should be worn if there is a risk of blood or body fluid splashes to the face or facial contact with contaminated debris.
If the spill contains broken glass or sharp instruments, safely dispose of them using a disposable scoop (or cardboard), without touching directly with your gloved hands. Discard safely (ideally into a sharps container) – see chapter on waste management.
Use the correct cleaning procedure. Spillages will require different management depending on the body fluid(s) involved and it is important to use the appropriate procedure. The flow chart produced by the Health Protection Agency (HPA) attached below contains details for management of specific body spills.
Use disposable equipment when cleaning spillages and dispose of waste appropriately. (Re-usable cloths and mops should not be used. In general waste contaminated with body fluids can be disposed of in the domestic waste stream if, it is produced in small quantities – i.e. less than 7kg (approx 1 bin bag) in one collection period and it is not infectious (after risk assessment). If items cannot be cleaned and decontaminated, they may need to be discarded safely. Heavily fouled soft furnishings may need bagging for disposal as clinical waste.
Wash hands thoroughly after the procedure.
A suitable disinfectant must be used to kill viruses and bacteria that may be present in blood and body fluid spillages. Chlorine releasing disinfectants (such as bleach, Milton, Haz-Tabs, chlorine releasing granules) at the correct concentration can be used to achieve this. If chlorine releasing agents cannot be used, use a disinfectant that is effective against blood borne viruses.
As with other all hazardous substances used at work, bleach and disinfectants should be stored, handled and used in accordance with COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health, 2002) Regulations and the manufacturer’s instructions.
NB: The HPA has produced Film 4 – Prevention of exposure to blood and body fluids.
Note: Currently, a room located at rear of the main hall is used as a First Aid Room.